I think this is a possibility! I don't see things going quite the same way as Oliver Curry or H. G. Wells do, however. I think the two species will look superficially alike. One will be known as Homo Superstitious, and will insist on living in a spooky-magic world of their own making. They will have many moments of wonderment, delight and disappointment. They will have vivid and strange dreams that will either fuel their imagination, or validate their belief system, or both. The other species will be called Homo Pragmatus, and will generally think that the Homo Superstitious species is retarded. They too will dream, and will also fail to appreciate the entertainment value. They will be convinced that their strange dreams indicate that they are more mentally disturbed than their self-image would otherwise suggest.
If people are going to make up unverifiable, goofy shit about the world 1000 years from now, I don't want to be left out. I don't think that anyone in 903 AD foresaw the Buick. Speculating about the planet that far into the future is as futile as trying to predict the weather a year in advance, and for much the same reasons: too many variables.
I kinda like that picture by the way. The artist got a lot in there. Can anyone explain the party hat?